Saint Paul/Saul of Tarsus

 For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect. - Matthew 24:24 (KJV)
For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect. – Matthew 24:24 (KJV)

13 of the books of the New Testament are traditionally ascribed to Paul, modern scholars think that he only wrote 8 of them. Romans, 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Colossians, Philippians, Philemon, and 1 Thessalonians.

“We must keep in mind that Paul knew nothing of an event called the ascension that was separate or different from Jesus’ resurrection. Paul’s writings contain no hint of the two-stage process that would develop later, where resurrection brought Jesus from the grave back to life and ascension then took Jesus from earth to heaven. Paul’s proclamation was that God had raised Jesus into God’s very life. That was Easter for Paul. For Paul there were no empty tombs, no disappearance from the grave of the physical body, no physical resurrection, no physical appearances of a Christ who would eat fish,offer his wounds for inspection, or rise physically into the sky after an appropriate length of time. None of these ideas can be found in reading Paul. For Paul the body of Jesus who died was perishable, weak, physical. The Jesus who was raised was clothed by the raising God with a body fit for God’s kingdom. It was imperishable, glorified, and spiritual.”-John Shelby Spong, Resurrection: Myth or Reality, p. 24


1 Corinthians 15:3-9

‘For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the scriptures, and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve. Then he appeared to more than 500 brethren at one time, most of whom are still alive, though some have fallen asleep. Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles. Last of all, as to one untimely born, he appeared also to me.’

There are several problems with this passage.

There are many specific prophecies in the Old Testament about the Messiah, but none that state how long he would be in the grave. The third day prophecy is not there.

Paul says Jesus first appeared to James, yet the Gospels say Jesus first appeared to Mary Magdalene.Matt 28:1, John 20:16

Paul implies that Judas did not hang himself, he was still alive when he said, “and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve.”


Minister of The Mysteries (Gnostic)

Let a man so account of us, as of the ministers of Christ, and stewards of the mysteries of God.-1 Corinthians 4:1 King James Version (KJV)

Saint Paul/Saul of Tarsus has been considered a Minister of The Mysteries. Valentinus was the best known and for a time most successful early Christian gnostic theologian. Valentinus professed to have derived his ideas from Theodas or Theudas, a disciple of St. Paul. Valentinus drew freely on some books of the New Testament. Unlike a great number of other gnostic systems, which are expressly dualist, Valentinus developed a system that was more monistic, albeit expressed in dualistic terms.

25 Whereof I am made a minister, according to the dispensation of God which is given to me for you, to fulfil the word of God;

26 Even the mystery which hath bee kon hid from ages and from generations, but now is made manifest to his saints:

27 To whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the hope of glory:

28 Whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching every man in all wisdom; that we may present every man perfect (τέλειον fully initiated) in Christ Jesus:- Colossians 1:25-28 King James Version (KJV)


Jesus the mystical death

The resurrection accounts in the four Gospels contradict the testimony of Paul on a simple event which is supposed to be the foundation of Christian religion. Paul never quotes Jesus and never mentions any details about his life. He never refers to Jesus’ miraculous birth, doesn’t tell any anecdotes about Mary and Joseph. There is no mention of miracles, turning water into wine, walking on water. There is no sermon on the Mount or Lord’s Prayer. No trial, no thieves crucified with Jesus, no weeping women, no Pontius Pilate and no Judas.

Paul does mention  Christ’s death and resurrection, which Paul understands as symbolizing the process of initiation. Initiates symbolically die to their ‘old self’ and resurrect ‘in Christ’. Paul reminds his students that the person they once were has been crucified with Christ.

For we know that our old self was crucified with him so that the body ruled by sin might be done away with, that we should no longer be slaves to sin – Romans 6:6 New International Version (NIV)

Now those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires.-Galatians 5:24

Paul’s Jesus is the mystical dying and resurrecting godman of the Gnostics, not the historical figure of the Literalist.

He describes the body of Jesus to be spiritual. Yet, the Gospels say Jesus was physical

So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption:-1Cor 15:42

Then saith he to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing.-John 20:27 KJV


τέλειον The Fully Initiated

Whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching every man in all wisdom; that we may present every man perfect (τέλειον fully initiated) in Christ Jesus:- Colossians 1:25-28 King James Version (KJV)

“τέλειον. Here also allusion to the mysteries is discovered by Lightfoot. The term is said to have been employed to distinguish the fully initiated from novices.” – Expositor’s Greek Testament

“…an inner mystical school or circle of discipleship within the Church, initiated into a wisdom and holiness supposed to be higher than that attainable by ordinary Christian faith…

…”Perfect” (τέλειος) is a word associated with the Greek mysteries, and in common use denoted “full-grown,” “grown men,” as opposed to” children “. The philosophic Judaists affected this term considerably. Philo frequently distinguishes between the “perfect” or “fully initiated” (τέλειοι), who are admitted to the sight of God, and the “advancing” (προκόπτοντες: comp. Galatians 1:14), who are candidates for admission to the Divine mysteries; and he makes Jacob a type of the latter, Israel of the former.” – Pulpit Commentary

“Bishop Lightfoot appropriately says: “The language of the heathen mysteries is transferred by Paul to the christian dispensation, that he may the more effectively contrast the things signified. The true Gospel also has its mysteries, its hierophants, its initiation; but these are open to all alike. In Christ every believer is τέλειος fully initiated, for he has been admitted as ἐπόπτης eye-witness of its most profound, most awful secrets.” – The Word Studies in the New Testament by Marvin R. Vincent perfect

And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what isthat good, and acceptable, and perfect (τέλειον the fully initiated), will of God. Romans 12:2 King James Version (KJV)

Howbeit we speak wisdom among them that are perfect (τέλειον the fully initiated) : yet not the wisdom of this world, nor of the princes of this world, that come to nought:- 1 Corinthians 2:6 King James Version (KJV)

Brethren, be not children in understanding: howbeit in malice be ye children, but in understanding be men (τέλειον the fully initiated).
– 1 Corinthians 14:20 King James Version (KJV)

Epaphras, who is one of you, a servant of Christ, saluteth you, always labouring fervently for you in prayers, that ye may stand perfect (τέλειον the fully initiated) and complete in all the will of God.- Colossians 4:12 King James Version (KJV)

But when that which is perfect (τέλειον the fully initiated) is come, then that which is in part shall be done away. – 1 Corinthians 13:10 King James Version (KJV)


Initiated being the body of Christ

To whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the hope of glory:- Colossians 1:27 KJV

So we, being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.-Romans 12:5  KJV (also see 1 Corinthians 12:12-27)

Gospel of Mark Ending

The earliest of the four gospels is Mark, never contained the resurrection story. Mark does not have the resurrection. The resurrection passages were later added to Mark, and his gospel was altered.
The earliest of the four gospels is Mark, never contained the resurrection story. Mark does not have the resurrection. The resurrection passages were later added to Mark, and his gospel was altered.

The earliest and most reliable manuscripts of Mark end at Mark 16:8, this is supported by statements from the early Church Fathers Eusebius and Jerome. The oldest manuscripts of the New Testament are Codex Sinaiticus and Vaticanus, both of these Greek manuscripts have no ending for Mark.Almost all contemporary New Testament textual critics have concluded that neither the longer or shorter endings were originally part of Mark’s Gospel, though the evidence of the early church fathers above shows that the longer ending had become accepted tradition. The United Bible Societies’ 4th edition of the Greek New Testament (1993) rates the omission of verses 9-20 from the original Markanmanuscript as “certain.” For this reason, many modern Bibles decline to print the longer ending of Mark together with the rest of the gospel, but, because of its historical importance and prominence, it is often included as a footnote or an appendix alongside the shorter ending.

“All things considered, then, Mark does not begin his story of Jesus very satisfactorily. Indeed, within two or three decades of Mark’s completion, there were at least two, and perhaps three, different writers (or Christian groups) who felt the need to produce an expanded and corrected version. Viewed from their perspective, the Gospel of Mark has some major shortcomings: It contains no birth narrative; it implies that Jesus, a repentant sinner, became the Son of God only at his baptism; it recounts no resurrection appearances; and it ends with the very unsatisfactory notion that the women who found the Empty Tomb were too afraid to speak to anyone about it.”-Randal Helms, Gospel Fictions, p. 34


Added ending

Two attempts were made to provide a more satisfactory conclusion. A minority of later manuscripts have what is called the “shorter ending”. This addition differs from the rest of Mark both in style and in its understanding of Jesus. The overwhelming majority of manuscripts have the “longer ending”, Mark 16:9–20, with accounts of the resurrected Jesus, the commissioning of the disciples to proclaim the gospel, and Christ’s ascension. This ending was possibly written in the early 2nd century and added later in the same century.

The ‘Longer Ending’ of Mark is preserved in the Byzantine texts, which are interpolated. The Anglican scholars Westcott and Hortdiscredited the Byzantine (KJV) text. Yet, the oldest Greek manuscripts do not have the longer ending. The Alexandrian (NIV) omits the longer ending (Aleph and B). The Anglican scholars Westcott and Hort attest the Byzantine text was conflated in the 4thcentury.


Mark’s Influence

Mark being the first canonical Gospel to be composed and that the authors of Matthew and Luke (and possibly John) used Mark’s Gospel as a written source material was major influence on the teaching. There is no reference to Jesus’ resurrection prior to the additions to found in Mark. Jesus’ resurrection story developed over a period of time. There’s not a single reference to the resurrection by historians like Philo Judaeus, and the testimony of Josephus is wholly agreed to be a forgery.


The Greek and Roman historians

Very few Christians know that Gentile historians never mentioned the resurrection of Jesus. The Jewish philosopher Philo (50 CE) absolutely makes no reference to Jesus’ crucifixion. The Christians are embarrassed that Philo lived during Jesus’ lifetime and never mentioned his resurrection.

The following writers do not mention Jesus’ resurrection:

Philo-Judaeus

Martial

Arrian

Appian

Theon of Smyrna

Lucanus

Aulus Gellius

Seneca

Plutarch

Apollonius

Epictetus

Silius Italicus

Ptolemy

Genealogy of Jesus Christ

The New Testament provides two accounts of the genealogy of Jesus, one in the Gospel of Matthew and another in the Gospel of Luke. Matthew's starts with Abraham, while Luke begins with Adam. The lists are identical between Abraham and David, but differ radically from that point. David the king begat Solomon.
The New Testament provides two accounts of the genealogy of Jesus, one in the Gospel of Matthew and another in the Gospel of Luke. Matthew’s starts with Abraham, while Luke begins with Adam. The lists are identical between Abraham and David, but differ radically from that point. David the king begat Solomon.

There are 27 generations listed from David to Jesus in Matthew’s genealogy, while Luke 3:23-31 has 42. Except for David at one end and Jesus at the other, only three names in the two lists that are the same. Traditional Christian scholars (starting with the historian Eusebius). Biblical scholars such as Marcus J. Borg and John Dominic Crossan see both genealogies as inventions, to bring the Messianic claims into conformity with Jewish criteria.

Matthew 1:6-16

27 Generations

1. And David the king begat Solomon …

2. And Solomon begat Roboam;
3. and Roboam begat Abia;
4. and Abia begat Asa;
5. And Asa begat Josaphat;
6. and Josaphat begat Joram;
7. and Joram begat Ozias;
8. And Ozias begat Joatham;
9. and Joatham begat Achaz;
10. and Achaz begat Ezekias;
11. And Ezekias begat Manasses;
12. and Manasses begat Amon;
13. and Amon begat Josias;
14. And Josias begat Jechonias
15. … and Jechonias begat Salathiel;
16. and Salathiel begat Zorobabel;
17. And Zorobabel begat Abiud;
18. and Abiud begat Eliakim;
19. and Eliakim begat Azor;
20. And Azor begat Sadoc;
21. and Sadoc begat Achim;
22. and Achim begat Eliud;
23. And Eliud begat Eleazar;
24. and Eleazar begat Matthan;
25. and Matthan begat Jacob;
26. And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary,
27. of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.

Luke 3:23-31

42 Generations

1. And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph,
2. which was the son of Heli,
3. Which was the son of Matthat,
4. which was the son of Levi,
5. which was the son of Melchi,
6. which was the son of Janna,
7. which was the son of Joseph,
8. Which was the son of Mattathias,
9. which was the son of Amos,
10. which was the son of Naum,
11. which was the son of Esli,
12. which was the son of Nagge,
13. Which was the son of Maath,
14. which was the son of Mattathias,
15. which was the son of Semei,
16. which was the son of Joseph,
17. which was the son of Juda,
18. Which was the son of Joanna,
19. which was the son of Rhesa,
20. which was the son of Zorobabel,
21. which was the son of Salathiel,
22. which was the son of Neri,
23. Which was the son of Melchi,
24. which was the son of Addi,
25. which was the son of Cosam,
26. which was the son of Elmodam,
27. which was the son of Er,
28. Which was the son of Jose,
29. which was the son of Eliezer,
30. which was the son of Jorim,
31. which was the son of Matthat,
32. which was the son of Levi,
33. Which was the son of Simeon,
34. which was the son of Juda,
35. which was the son of Joseph,
36. which was the son of Jonan,
37. which was the son of Eliakim,
38. Which was the son of Melea,
39. which was the son of Menan,
40. which was the son of Mattatha,
41. which was the son of Nathan,
42. which was the son of David.


Jesus’s paternal grandfather Jacob or Heli?

And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ. Matthew 1:16

And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli. Luke 3:23


Luke is not genealogy of Mary

Often some say genealogy in Matthew is Jesus’s, they say, but the one in Luke is Mary’s. That Luke’s genealogy never mentions Mary and explicitly says that it is Jesus’s doesn’t concern them. In addition, Luke 1:36 says that Mary is a cousin of Elizabeth, who is a descendant of Levi (Luke 1:5). So Luke’s genealogy couldn’t be Mary’s since it descends from Judah (Luke 3:33) not Levi.


Conflicts with Matthew account and rest of Bible

35faff_ebbc80120cf047dfa9428a5744f3b4dd
Dived into groups of 14.

Matthew 1:6-11 gives the same genealogy as is given 1 Chronicles 3:11-12, 15-16, except Matthew, leaves out four generations (Joash, Amaziah, Azariah, and Jehoiakim).  One highly probable reason for this manipulation is to maintain the 14 generations per group as  shown above.

11 Joram his son, Ahaziah his son, Joash his son,

12 Amaziah his son, Azariah his son, Jotham his son,

15 And the sons of Josiah were, the firstborn Johanan, the second Jehoiakim, the third Zedekiah, the fourth Shallum.

16 And the sons of Jehoiakim: Jeconiah his son, Zedekiah his son.-1 Chronicles 3


Genealogies foolish?

Neither give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which minister questions, rather than godly edifying which is in faith: so do. – 1 Timothy 1:4

But avoid foolish questions, and genealogies, and contentions, and strivings about the law; for they are unprofitable and vain. – Titus 3:9

Why would Matthew and Luke even trouble with genealogy?