Young Turks

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“In 1835, with the help of Freemason Henry Palmerston, Mazzini founded Young Europe in Switzerland. …Mazzini’s Young societies continued to organize in new territories long after his death. In the new world they were called Young America; in England – Young England, in Italy – Young Italy, in Turkey – Young Turks. …The Young societies consisted of radical and riotous youth, many of whom were later initiated into the Templar Grand Orient lodges in their respective countries. “ – Scarlet and the Beast” by John Daniel “Their (Young Turks) chief difficulty was to reconcile the animosities which existed between the many linguistic groups among the sultan’s subjects. This was done in a series of congresses held in Paris, notably in 190′ and in 1907. At the latter meeting werere presentatives of the Turks, Armenians, Bulgars, Jews, Arabs, and Albanians. In the mean time, this secret organization had penetrated the sultan’s army, which was seething with discontent. The plotters were so successful that they were able to revolt in July 1908, and force the sultan to reestablish the Constitution of 1876. At once divisions appeared among the rebel leaders, notably between those who wished a centralized stateand those who accepted the subject nationalities’ demands for decentralization. Moreover,the orthodox Muslims formed a league to resist secularization, and the army soon saw that its chief demands for better pay and improved living conditions were not going to bemet. Abdul-Hamid took advantage of these divisions to organize a violent counter revolution (April 1909). It was crushed, the sultan was deposed, and the Young Turks began to impose their ideas of a dictatorial Turkish national state with ruthless severity. A wave of resistance arose from the non-Turkish groups and the orthodox Muslims. No settlement of these disputes was achieved by the outbreak of the World War in 1914. Indeed, as we shall see in a later chapter, the Young Turk Revolution of 1908 precipitated a series of international crises of which the outbreak of war in 1914 was thelatest and most disastrous.” – Tragedy and Hope by Carroll Quigley They helped Force Turkey to enter WWI as Germany’s ally which helped pave the way for Mustafa Kemal Ataturk ‘s success. He being the most prominent figure in the Young Turk administration.


Final Fantasy VII includes The Turks.


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